CIET started supporting Canadian Aboriginal community-based researchers of resilience in 1995. An evolving approach to Aboriginal resilience used a combination of standard instruments and questionnaires of local design. Over the years, CIET measured personal assets like sense of coherence, spirituality, knowledge, pride in one’s heritage, mastery or self-efficacy, self-esteem, low levels of distress, involvement in traditional ways and activities, church attendance. Other indicators reflected the social dimension of resilience: feeling supported; parental care and support; parental monitoring, attitudes, and example; peer support; and support from the wider community.
• Acknowledgments. Health Canada funded the Nechi, Wunska, LoPHID, and LIHC studies. The James Bay Cree Board of Health and Social Services funded studies in there area and collaborated in others funded by the Assembly of First Nations, namely the AFN-HIV and AFN-CPNP studies. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) funded ACRA, ACYRN, and ACR-DV. The Tłįchį Community Service (TCSA) and the Alexis Health and Social Program contributed financially and in kind to the ACRA-Tłįchǫ and ACYRN-Alexis studies respectively.
Many CIET members have worked on the studies presented here: Jacques Berard, Dawn Caldwell, Anne Cockcroft, Karen Edwards, Nancy Gibson, Candyce Hamel, Carrielynn Lund, April Maloney, Nicole Massoud, Debbie Milne, Steve Mitchell, Lorenzo Monasta, Sharmila Mhatre, Bev Shea, Aparna Swaminathan and Brenda Thomas.
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