Te Mauri - Pimatisiwin

Psychological Distress and Seasonal Affective Disorder among Urban Aboriginal Participants

Abstract

The prevalence of psychological distress and seasonal affective disorder (SAD) was examined in an urban Aboriginal population sample and an urban non- Aboriginal population sample through the use of a modified 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ- 12) and the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ). Compared to non-Aboriginal participants (n=49), urban Aboriginal participants (n=43) were approximately three times more likely to exhibit psychological distress, and approximately four times more likely to exhibit SAD. Participants who perceived their health as poor/fair were also more likely to exhibit psychological distress. These findings provide a greater understanding of the mental health status of an urban Aboriginal group; further research is required with a larger sample size.

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